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Simple way of living for a longer and healthier life

The purpose of this assignment is to exhibit the real and true human’s biography on the surface. Nowadays people are intended to a complex life and preoccupied way of living that makes their life in a sense bizarre. People are occupied with so many stuff that almost 99% have no need of them. According to the movie I watched called “No Impact Man” I just assert my own opinion stronger and stated with a true background thanks to the movie by the New York City writer. The whole experiment that was done by the writer Colin Beaven just shown to us that we can improve our health on a better ratio, lose weight, get rid of the toxic substance that a human being produces in his body while eating, drinking, consuming particular stuff and so on. This post is going to describe the habits that a human being really cannot survive without it.

Documentary

The movie called “No Impact Man” reveals the truth about what human need and what have no need of. Therefore, the movie that has been made in 2006 by the writer Colin Beaven started as an experiment with his family and contributes real life results of how people live and how their needs can be decreased to a minimum and survive. Colin Beaven tried to live their life with the little environment impact as possible. His experiment was one year long. He and his family made no carbon dioxide while the experiment because they gave up of driving car, traveling by plane, train, taxi etc. they have traveled on food, using bicycles and ate food bought from the local farmers market. Colin Beaven also used no electricity while the experiment time. According to the experiment by Colin Beaven we have to understand that human being can survive without those things and contributes for a longer and even healthier life. However, referring to the class materials from our lectures we can assert that everyone can help the planet Earth and on the same time to improve its health and live simple but longer life and even happier one.

Nevertheless, materials that we have covered in the class lecture are deeply connected to the experiment by Colin Beaven. We had the time when we were learning the consequences for the Footprint, the purposes and effects by it.

In my opinion I really and honestly liked the movie “No Impact Man”. The content and the purpose of creating the movie were fascinating. An a simple and average person writer just made a decision that he is going to do an experiment with his family in order to show the world that human being can really survive without electricity, no toilet paper usage and the other things mentioned above. It is very interesting way of experimenting because Colin included his family and declare that there is no dangerous reason why not to do that survey, it cannot damage to the ones that you really love to, in this case his wife and daughter. Another interesting and stimulating point is the one that all of us can do similar experiment in a week if we are not ready or not interested in giving up all the things for a year. The video uploaded on “youtube” gives us all needed information for those who are interested in taking the experiment, log on online on the particular website and do the registration option and start the experiment.

The place that all of us have to visit to 🙂

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tOa-FNPvLnA

Gapminder

According to the Gapminder chart, I did a research on my country F.Y.R.O.M. The survey I made on was about picking up two variables like: Poverty and the other one was about Population Growth. The examination was from 1998 until 2003. I got big differences in poverty variable from 2001 until 2002 due to the War conflict my country was in. The conflict started from 2001 so the poverty variable drastically changed and decreased dramatically.

the link for the Gapminder survey:

http://www.gapminder.org/world/#$majorMode=chart$is;shi=t;ly=2003;lb=f;il=t;fs=11;al=30;stl=t;st=t;nsl=t;se=t$wst;tts=C$ts;sp=5.59290322580644;ti=2003$zpv;v=0$inc_x;mmid=XCOORDS;iid=pyj6tScZqmEcl2xDWbuJ8fg;by=ind$inc_y;mmid=YCOORDS;iid=tBrbR3BlR_12WlTIlSTpu6g;by=ind$inc_s;uniValue=8.21;iid=phAwcNAVuyj0XOoBL_n5tAQ;by=ind$inc_c;uniValue=255;gid=CATID0;by=grp$map_x;scale=lin;dataMin=-10.9551;dataMax=18$map_y;scale=lin;dataMin=2;dataMax=98$map_s;sma=49;smi=2.65$cd;bd=0$inds=i131_t001998,,,,

The effect of Human Population Growth is becoming a serious problem nowadays. Solutions are more than welcome these days. Many organizations and individuals around the world are trying to find an appropriate solution in order to solve today’s most real problem. This blog-post is going to exhibit some arguments, causes and possible solutions to Human Population Growth. Individual’s views are also going to be included into this blog-post, such as Hans Rosling’s talk (TED Lectures) and other. The main idea is to expose reasons of solving Human Population Growth problem.

A hundred years ago, in the beginning of the 20th century the entire world population was less than 2 billion people.
Today the current world population has exceeded 6 billions.

World’s most populated countries are:

  1. China – 1,330,044,544
  2. India – 1,147,995,904
  3. United States – 303,824,640
  4. Indonesia – 237,512,352
  5. Brazil – 196,342,592

The Human Population Growth causes problems worldwide. It does not matter if it is a country or city in North, or South America, East or West Africa continent, Europe or Australia, all of the countries experience problems somehow. As an example, the Population Growth in China might cause problem to the world as a whole. The world is running out of food and fossil fuels reserves, and in a sense the population growth is the reason of it. As number of population increase as large the problems are. Therefore, a country of China brought into power a law to “ONE CHILD POLICY” that prohibit family having more than one baby, as well as prohibition to having a girl infant.

According to Cassandra’s views on the current situation we can state that these people are also called pessimists, catastrophists and doomsayers. Therefore, the main argument confirmed as one by Cassandra’s view is that growth in numbers of people and material consumption rates will inevitably lead to environmental and social catastrophe. As I mentioned above, the world is running out of food and fossil fuels day by day.

On the other side we have a group of people that assert the opposite. Cornucopian’s views are different than Cassandra’s. They consider that human ingenuity and free markets will allow human species to adapt to any conceivable pressures caused by growth of the human activity. These people are recognized as optimists. This group of people believes that humans are able and will survive under any particular circumstances. The world has already found the way to continue to exist if the planet becomes overcrowded, the Cornucopian’s followers assert.

In my point of view, I must admit that I certainly follow the Cassandras view. I will also take a brief and simple example of how things work according to the Human Population Growth. We all live in a planet called Earth. Since the existence of the world the human being was supposed to feed in order to survive. Therefore, nowadays, as we all are aware world’s reserves tremendously expire, and our acknowledgment teaches us that no human being can survive without food and water.  I also included a picture of DRY EARTH which means that nothing can keep on growing without water as well.

The prediction from 1970’s made by Paul Ehrlich and the famous model equation IPAT which describes the Environmental Impact “I” then “P” population, “A” affluence and “T” technology.  This model identified the population growth in the early 1970s as the most important factor of Environmental Impact. Paul Ehrlich was one of the well known ecologist and prominent environmental thinkers at that time who wanted to inform the world of the overcrowded consequences of 20th century. The model of IPAT became important for examination of economical, environmental factors in many institutions.

Hans Rosling

Hans Rosling is Swedish medical doctor, professor and public speaker. He is born in 1948, and he was studying public health at St. John’s medical college. He also gives a lot of speeches and presentation for world on issues such as agriculture economic development etc. Today he is using Trendalayzer software to present today world situation.

He impress not only me but I thing everyone when he said that all countries in the world progress equal not only in economic view but also in population growth.

Partners: Dejan Mitrev – Roberto Miladinov 

References:

http://geography.about.com/od/obtainpopulationdata/a/worldpopulation.htm

http://geography.about.com/cs/worldpopulation/a/mostpopulous.htm

http://geography.about.com/od/populationgeography/a/onechild.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans_Rosling

The purpose of this assignment is to be well prepared for the coming final exam because we are already covered the possible questions and answers of the material. This assignment will help us better understanding the material.

Chapter 1 – Introduction to Environmental Science

The chapter 1 consist the meaning of the ecosystem services to our lives as well as the natural resources.  This chapter is also concentrated on the understanding of the scientific method and importance of the science to our lives as well.

  1. What is Environmental science?
    1. Study of how the natural world work, how our environment affects us, and how we affect our environment.
    2. Study of relationship between organisms and the environment.
    3. Organism that live in an area and the physical environment with which those organism interact.
    4. Material that an organism must acquire from the environment to live.
  2. When did the second industrial revolution begin?
    1. Mid 1700
    2. 1800
    3. 1900
    4. 2000
  3. Natural resources that are replenished over short period are known as:
    1. Renewable natural resources.
    2. Epiphytes.
    3. Ecotones.
    4. Adaptation
  4. What is environmentalism?
    1. Social movement dedicated to protecting the natural world and by extension, people from undesirable changes brought about human action.
    2. Simultaneously change of geographic distributions and undergo the evolutionary process which increases their ability to live in the new climate regime.
    3. A tentative explanation for an observation, phenomenon, or scientific problem   that can be tested by further investigation.
    4. Changes in vegetation across entire continent.
  5. What are the two types that environmental science covered?
    1. Natural & Social
    2. Evolution & pollution
    3. Both a and b
    4. None of them
  6. The scientific method is technique for testing ideas with observation?
    1. True
    2. False
  7. Experiment in which the researches actively chooses and manipulates the in           depended variable is known as Natural experiment.
    1. True
    2. False
  8. Explain the Ecosystem services?

9.      Set Up the scientific method (include all parts)?

10.     Environmental science that                                   Environmental studies

focus predominantly on the natural

science whereas programs that incorporate

the social science extensively often use the term:

One that borrows techniques                                Interdisciplinary

from multiple disciplines

And brings their research results

together into a broad

Synthesis is called:                                                           

Social movement dedicated to protecting                        Environmentalism

the natural world and by extension,

people from undesirable changes

brought about human action

Technique for testing ideas                                   Scientific method

With observations is called:

Study of how the natural                                                 Environmental science

world work, how our environment

affects us, and how we

affect our environment.

Chapter 2 – Matter, Energy and Geology

The second Chapter is based on the real world situations and how we can influence on by following the science. This chapter also refers to forms of ENERGY that can be found above and below the world’s surface and their structure.

11.      What is the geothermal energy?

  1. Thermal energy from below Earth’s surface
  2. Transition from one type of ecosystem to another.
  3. Material that an organism must acquire from the environment to live.
  4. None of the above

12.      Atoms are:

  1. The smallest units that maintain the chemical properties of the element.
  2. Epiphytes
  3. Flowers that can be found in the environment

d.   Acid elements from the soil

13.      What elements contain geothermal heated water that rises up as steam?

a.   Hydrogen

b.   Oxygen

c.   A & B

d.   Calcium

14.       Fundamental type of matter, a chemical substance with a given set of properties, which can’t be broken into substances, is called:

a.   Element

b.   Biodiversity

c.   Biosphere

d.   None of them

15.       What is the chemical formula for water?

a.  H2O

b.  CO2

c. CH4

d.  O3

16.       The major forms of energy that scientist commonly distinguish are kinetic and geothermal energy

a.   True

b.   False

17.       Energy is capacity to change the position, physical composition, or temperature of matter.

a.   True

b.   False

18.       Classify the two major forms of energy.

19.       Describe the sedimentary rock?

20.      When a type of rock is subjected to                     Metamorphic rock

Great heat or pressure, it may alter it’s

Form becoming

Fundamental type of matter, a chemical               Element

substance with a given set of properties,

which can’t be broken into substances,

is called:

Rock that forms when magma or lava cools         Igneous rock

Is called

Any natturaly occurring solid element                  Mineral

Or inorganic compound with a crystal

Structure is called

If magma is released through the lithosphere       Lava

It may flow or spatter across Earth surface

Is called

Chapter 3 – Chapter 3: Evolution, Biodiversity and Population Ecology

Chapter 3 deals with the evolution of the biodiversity and also refers to extinction of particular species. On the other hand this chapter gives us knowledge about the organizations that deals with the population ecology, population growth and other important issues of the environmental science.

21.      A process by which populations change over time is:

a.    Evolution

b.    Population

c.    Community

d.    None of them

22.      What type of classification includes the organisms that live in an area and the                                                                                                                                                                               physical environment with which those organisms interact are called:

a.   Ecosystem

b.   Epiphytes

c.   Ecotones

d.   Adaptation

23.       What is natural selection?

a.   Process by which inherited characteristic that enhance survival and reproduction are passed on more frequently to future generations than those that do not, thus altering the genetic makeup of population through time.

b.   The long term geographic isolation of populations that can lead to allopathic speciation can occur in various ways.

c.   Each population will independently accumulate its own set of mutations.

d.   None of them.

24.       The cumulative body of fossils worldwide is now as:

a.   Fossil record

b.   Desert

c.   Savanna

d.   None of them

25.       What is ecology?

a.  Study of relationship between organisms and the environment.

b.  A process by which populations change over time.

c.  Organism that live in an area and the physical environment with which                           those organism interact.

d.  Material that an organism must acquire from the environment to live.

26.        Explain ecosystem theory?

27.        Set up the levels of ecological organization?

28.         Communities are made up of multiple interacting species that live in the      same area

a. True

b. False

29.         Ecosystems focus on patterns of species diversity and on incarnations   among spices, from one to one interaction to complex interrelationship involving entire community.

a. True

b. False

30.        The ecology that focus                                          Community ecology

of species diversity and on incarnations

among spices, from one to one interaction

to complex interrelationship involving entire community

Is called:

Encompass communities and the abiotic              Ecosystem

Material and forces with which their member

Interact is called:

The reveals patterns, such as the flow                  Ecosystem ecology

Of energy and nutrients, by studying

Living and nonliving components of system in conjunction

Is called:

Process which population change over time         Evolution

Is called:

The cumulative body of fossils                             Fossils record

Worldwide is now as

Chapter 4 – Species Interactions and Community Ecology

Chapter 4 deals with the energy flow and potential collision on a society by some species.

31.           Which biome lies between 10 degrees latitude north and south of the equator?

a.   Desert.

b.   Tropical rain forest.

c.   Savanna.

d.   Mediterranean woodland.

32.          In which biome you can find the permafrost?

a.    Tundra.

b.    Rain.

c.    Boreal Forest.

d.    Mediterranean climate.

33.         What are the things by which one can distinguish the biomes?

a.    Flowers.

b.    Rain and sun.

c.    Plants and climate.

d.    Pans and soil.

34.          In Which biomes lies Greece?

a.    Desert.

b.    Temperate grassland.

c.    Savanna.

d.    Mediterranean Woodland.

35.         Process by which individuals of one spices hunt, capture, kill, and consume individuals of other spices is called:

a.    Predation.

b.    Parasitism.

c.    Herbivory.

d.    Pollination.

36.         Illustrate the climate in the Boreal Forest biome.

37.        Explain the coevolution process?

38.         Relationship In which one organism is harmed             Amensalism

And the other is unaffected is called

Soil at or below the freezing                                          Permafrost

point of water for two or more years

Hot summer and cool winter                                         Chaparral

Dry 6-7 months, abundant                                             Tropical dry forest

rainfall 5-6 months

Warm and wet year-round                                             Tropical Rain Forest

39.           Parasitism is a relationship in which one organism, depends on another, for                                                                                                                   nourishment or some other benefit while simultaneously doing the host harm

a.            True

b. False

40.          Savanna is the biome that covers the geographic area painted in yellow.

a. True

b. False

Chapter 6- Environmental Ethics and Economics: Values and Choices

Chapter 6 explains the tight connection between the economies and ecosystem services. The theories of the economic growth are also part of this chapter and explain their impact on the environment.

41.             Use the picture below to explain the ethical perspectives of people.

42.              Explain the graph below

43.             Environmental ethics is the application of ethical standards to relationships between people and nonhuman entities.

a. True

b. False

44.            Ecolabeling is the method that serves to inform environmentalists whether the making of one particular product is harming the environment.

a. True

b. False

45.            The argument that the patriarchal                          Ecofeminism

structure of society is a root cause of both

social and environmental problems.

Earth’s ecological systems purify                         Ecosystem services

air and water, form soil, cycle nutrients,

regulate climate

The amount of a product offered                                    Supply

for sale at a given price

The amount of a product people                          Demand

will buy at a given price

Cost or benefits that affect people                     Externalities

other than the buyer or seller

46.            The discipline that applies both principles of ecology and system science to the analysis of economic systems

a.    Ecological economics

b.    Environmental economics

c.    Steady-State economies

d.    All of the above

47.           Values not usually included in the price of a good or service

a.    Nonmarket values

b.    Environmental economics

c.    Contingent valuation

d.    None of the above

48.           When does market failure occurs

a.    When we don’t take into account the environmental principles

b.    By not buying ecolabeled products

c.    When costs equal profit

d.    None of the above

49.           The value that teach us about ourselves in the world is called

a.    Educational value

b.    Use value

c.    Cultural value

d.    Option value

50.       GDP is

a.    The total monetary value of final goods and services produced each year

b.    Governmental policy

c.    Value of unfinished goods

d.    How many goods has one country exported for a year

Conclusion

This assignment is really challenging for the students as a whole. We are all supposed to cover all the material from the particular chapters however determine the most important questions and their answers. The assignment will help us better understand the material and be aware of the environmental problems and solutions by using the purposes of the Ecological advances. In our opinion we maintain the obligations to our environment as citizens of planet Earth.

Group partner

eco110rope.wordpress.com

Assignment #2

Environmental Justice in city of Veles

 

Veles is a city located in the center of FYROM. The municipality of Veles has a population of 57,800 people. This city is also known as one of the most industrialized city in FYROM. The city of Veles is also well-known as a town with plentiful and precious cultural inheritance and centuries old churches.

According to environmental issue, the city of Veles is the most polluted city in the Balkans as well. There are many factories which produce kind of toxic waste that flows into river of Vardar which split city in two parts and pollute environment.

There is a smelter for lead and zinc, a porcelain factory and a silk factory, as well as metal industries. The battery factory “Zletovo” is also one of the main polluters in Veles. The main problem of these factories is the pollution emission, they operate without a particular environmental technological certificate. The emission of the battery factory is caused by manufacture of dry charged lead acidic starter batteries under (polypropylene) procedure. Several years ago some researchers report that the battery factory’s emission of sulfur dioxide is more than 50 kilograms in one hour during that part of the production process and its production must stop.

Therefore, a Russian clinic for genetic research made an analysis and revealed that the hair of the children contains seven times the permitted levels of cadmium and lead. These were terrifying information.

Nevertheless, the most essential point that can be useful in order  to protect the people in the city of Veles is to close these aged factories, which do not possess any certificates by the International Health organizations and institutions.

However, the government is also obliged to make some restrictions about this very important and essential problem the city has. In some ways, the factories might install filters so as the emission decline to zero, because contaminate the environment.

Picture #1http://www.google.gr/imgres?imgurl=http://marvaoguide.com/images/stories/maps/macedonia-map.gif&imgrefurl=http://marvaoguide.com/index.php/Countries/Macedonia.html&usg=__g9AccgMi0LZnoo9_csdNYuelPGE=&h=353&w=329&sz=12&hl=el&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=VKMzI2w5Eh4YpM:&tbnh=151&tbnw=141&ei=bhpkTf6cJoGu8QOny93xCA&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dveles%2Bmap%26um%3D1%26hl%3Del%26biw%3D1280%26bih%3D610%26tbs%3Disch:1&um=1&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=220&oei=ZBpkTcr0Fo6GswbkmPC4CA&page=1&ndsp=18&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0&tx=82&ty=71

picture #2http://www.panoramio.com/photo/7152849

picture #3http://www.pioneer-investors.com/news2.asp?newsid=12029

picture #4http://enrin.grida.no/htmls/macedon/soe/page10a.html

picture $5http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Map_of_Veles_Municipality.svg

About ME ;)

Hello world 😉

I’m Deki and this is my blog.  I come from the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. I’m studying at the American College of Thessaloniki, and my major is International Relations. I’m a regular student and this is my third year at ACT. There are many interesting courses at ACT such as Ecology 110. This course is required for the “IR” program. I also think that we are going to learn a lot of interesting things about our environment, having interesting topics for assignments as well. In my opinion, this course Ecology 110 will bring us into deep sea full of important environmental issues, ideas, cases and solutions as well.

The point of having this blog is essential for every student in order to communicate, stay in touch and share some information that can be helpful for the program. Another significant spot for the Ecology course is that on this blog, students can comment to other blogs so as to expand conversation and bring some good ideas as well.

Here is some more information about where I live at 😉

The town where I live in is called Strumica. It is a town of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, situated in the south-east part of the country. One of the most important trade centers in this part of FYROM. The city of Strumica is the main agriculture center in FYROM. Another important factor of development is the geographical position of the town. It is around 50 kilometers away from Greece and around 25 kilometers from Bulgaria. The infrastructure of the region of Strumica is improving through years to years. There are 2 economic zones built where many factories are opened and operate. Therefore, another free economic zone is going to be created for one to two years from now, which is going to be the second largest free economic zone in the country.  The river is called Struma and flow in Bulgaria.

According to entertainment issue, the town of Strumica is proud of having the one of the greatest carnivals in the Balkans, the Carnival of Strumica. Every year the date changes depending on date of Easter and it is always on Tuesday after Ash Monday.

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